Link to another record field
When developing an application, you will end up with lots of data stored inside your data models. Whenever you want to perform an action on an existing record or create a new record, you will want to not only perform an action on one record in one table, but also to perform that same action on any connected records. In this lesson we will cover how you can use Dittofi's "Link to another record" field type to help manage your apps data in the best possible way.
We will cover:
- Defining relationships
- Creating relationships
- Using relationships
- Entity relationship diagram
Before you start building relationships, you want to have a plan for your data and how your relationships are going to look. Essentially you want to think about what data your app is going to store and how that data connects together.
The data that you want to store and how you want to connect it together is completely dependent on what you're trying to do. For example, you might have a table of users and a table of user identification documents or alternatively you could have a table of property owners and a table of properties which are owned by each one property owner.
When building your app, it is best practice to keep this data in different tables to avoid any duplication of data. But, just because the data is stored in separate tables, this does not mean that it should live in isolation.
Your users will have related identification documents, your property owners will have related properties and so on.
Property owners and their properties.
Notice, in the example above that Owner 2 owns two properties (Property 1 and Property 3). You can see this by looking at either the Property Owners table or the Properties Table.
Before you go on, think about the data that your app is going to need e.g. users, products, drivers etc.
Next you can try asking yourselves questions similar to:
- Does each product have many orders?
- Does each property have many owners?
- Does each driver have many trucks?
Asking these questions of your specific data will allow you to start to understand what relationships exist between different types of data.
There are two main ways that we can create relationships between different tables:
- Using the Link to another record field (for common relationships)
- Using the object relational diagram (for more complex relationships)
In this section we are going to cover using the Link to another record field.
The first step to creating the relationships between two tables is to create the two individual tables. In our example, let's build two tables, a Property Owners table and a Properties table.
Next, let's add add a column to our Property Owners table called "Link to properties table" and make it of type Link to another record.
Next, we pick the table that we want to link our Property Owners table to. In our case this is our Properties table and choose the type of relationship between the tables.
Note, when we choose how we want want to link the tables together, there are three different options:
In our case, one property owner can have own many properties, so we select the option One "Property Owners" record has many "Properties" records.
Once we have created the relationship, we can start linking individual records by using the "+" button that is visible inside our new field in the Property Owners table. Clicking this "+" brings up a popup with different numbers in it. These numbers correspond to the unique ID's of the records in our "Properties" table.
Note, anytime that a relationship is created, you will notice that a corresponding link appears in the linked table.
Note, two way linking
--> Now it's your turn. Go ahead and create your linked records. First, create the linked record field and use this to create the relationships that you mapped out in the last section. Once you have added the linked record field, you can link the relevant records together from your two tables.
The easiest way to use your relationship within your app development is to run the API Generator for the tables where you have created the relationship. This will allow you to auto generate code to for example, fetch the data from your data model and display it in your frontend.
Example of a Get property_owners Endpoint below.
Running the API Generator for the Properties table, you can generate the same set of endpoints for the linked data. You can see an example of the Get properties Endpoint.
The entity relationship diagram, also known as an ERD, is a diagram that can be used to visualize the relationships between different tables. The diagram is often used in database design to map out the relationships and provides a good means of communication. Below is an example of the relationships we have built between our Property Owners and Properties table.
Linking property owners and properties
You are able to visulize your tables using the entity relationship diagram inside Dittofi by clicking on the TABLE RELATIONS button inside the Data Models tab.
Note, the relationships built using the Link to another record property type are not visible here. This is because this data type is creating links in an alternative, more user friendly way. If you want to build a relationship within this view, you need to (A) click on the table that you want to link to a parent table from within the entity relationship diagram view, (B) select "Relations", (C) click "+Add Relations" and (D) select the parent model and fields to link on.